Volume 38, Number 1
+ Volume 38, 2019
Issue 1
+ Volume 37, 2018
+ Volume 36, 2017
+ Volume 35, 2016
+ Volume 34, 2015
+ Volume 33, 2014
+ Volume 32, 2013
+ Volume 31, 2012
Science, Technology and Development Vol. 37 (3), 2018
Research Article
Evaluating the Environmental Impact Assessment of Road Rehabilitation Projects: Comparative Study of Pakistan and Vietnam
Ali , Shahbaz , Saleem and Ahsan
Abstract: Roads are the backbone of any nation’s economy and welfare. Construction, maintenance and improvement of roads result in significant exploitation of natural and physical resources. In order to alleviate this pressure from already depleting resources, conducting Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of new roads or their rehabilitation projects seems vital. The practice of such EIAs varies slightly in different countries. A comparison has been made between EIAs of Pakistan and Vietnam. This study is conducted to assess the impact of road development on the environment as well as associated practices and methods of steering EIA in these nations. Therefore, analysis of EIA processes with respect to screening, scoping, focus on environmental and social impacts, including the mitigation measures, has been carried out. Investigation reveals that problems in road development remain the same irrespective of the location of the project, but the magnitude of environmental issues varies in subject countries. Numerous mitigation measures are proposed but the effectiveness of these measures has not been evaluated. Post project evaluation is needed to assess the strength of these remedial measures.
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