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Science, Technology and Development Vol. 37 (1), 2018
Research Article
Inconsistencies in the Power Sector of Pakistan Identified through Strategic Environmental Assessment
Hazrat Bilal, Muhammad Irfan Khan and Chamhuri Siwar
Abstract: Despite the sufficient available energy resources, Pakistan is facing severe power crisis. The gap between supply and demand has increased significantly over the last decade. The fundamental target of this study was to recognize inconsistencies in the existing power sector and suggest measures for incorporating sustainability in the power sector. Indicators and Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) objectives were developed by looking at the baseline information and national environmental objectives. SEA objectives were compared against the national environmental objectives, related national policies, plans, and programs. It was concluded that national policies, plans, and programs are made in isolation and a lack of coordination was observed between national policies, plans, and programs. The projected power generation mix has a possible negative impact on the environment as well as on the national energy security. National power policy has no commitment to reduce air emissions or to have a target for the exploitation of the available huge renewable resources. The utilization of coal is a decent alternative of the present; however, the consumption of non-renewable energy resources will make the power sector more vulnerable to climate change.
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