Volume 38, Number 1
+ Volume 38, 2019
+ Volume 37, 2018
+ Volume 36, 2017
+ Volume 35, 2016
+ Volume 34, 2015
+ Volume 33, 2014
+ Volume 32, 2013
Issue 1
Issue 2
Issue 3
Issue 4
+ Volume 31, 2012
For Authors

Please ensure that you have prepared your manuscript in line with the general requirements of Science, Technology and Development (STD) for preparing articles. Please follow these guidelines to ensure that your submission proceeds smoothly.

  • Please do not send articles by post or email. All submissions should be made via online manuscript submission system. When using the online submission system, please ensure that your browser is set to accept cookies for proper operation.
  • STD does not publish articles that overlap substantially with articles published elsewhere. Plagiarism-copying other people's work without permission and citation is a serious form of misconduct which STD will take action on.
  • Redundancy-submission of an article that overlaps substantially with your own previous work (whether the work has been published or submitted to STD or elsewhere) will be unacceptable. STD expect authors to submit, as supplemental files, copies of any previous article/s that overlap by more than 10% with the STD submission.
  • If your manuscript and figures are ready to submit according to the manuscript formatting guidelines and requirements below, please proceed directly to the online submission system. require full names Online submissions and e-mail addresses of all the authors. When entering contact and manuscript information, please ensure correct input of the data. Errors in contact information, in particular in the e-mail address or in manuscript titles, create severe problems in the handling of your submission.
  • STD does not require all authors of a paper to sign the letter of submission, nor does it impose an order on the list of authors. Submission to STD means that all the listed authors have agreed to all the content. The corresponding (submitting) author is responsible for having ensured that this agreement has been reached.
  • A copy of a permission letter or e-mail must be included for any work described in the paper as "personal communication". Please ensure that any unpublished data cited within the manuscript is properly credited.
  • STD does not consider contributions that are already under consideration or published elsewhere. This policy does not apply to conference abstracts or to prior postings on recognized community preprint servers, which are allowed. If part of a contribution has appeared or has been submitted elsewhere, the paper is not automatically rejected so long as the main result, conclusion and implications are not apparent from the other work. In this event, the corresponding author must specify which part of the contribution will appear or has appeared elsewhere, indicating the publication concerned.
  • After submission, the editor handling the manuscript must be consulted if the author wishes to publish or publicize any part of it elsewhere during the consideration process.
  • Regarding format of the manuscript, please ensure that it meets the requirements stipulated in the manuscript formatting guide, before sending the manuscript to STD. Acceptable formats for the manuscript are Microsoft Word. If using Word 2007, please create the document in Compatibility Mode (i.e. as a Word 97-2003 document; saved as .doc, not .docx). The filename, including the extension, MUST NOT EXCEED 31 CHARACTERS, or your file will fail to submit.
  • All legends of figures and tables should be included in the manuscript. Production-quality figures are not helpful at this stage, and will be required only if your paper is accepted, in principle, for publication. Follow these guidelines carefully to produce versions suitable for editorial assessment and peer review. All digital images should comply with the journals' policy on image integrity. It is preferred that all figures are converted to medium-resolution JPEG to reduce the time it takes files to upload to the submission site. If you cannot send JPEG STD may accept GIF, PostScript (PS, EPS or PRN), PDF, TIFF and PowerPoint. Please do not send other formats. Figures should be prepared at the size you would expect them to appear in STD (a single column width is 89 mm, double column width is 183 mm).
  • STD prefers figures to be 150 dpi (dots per inch), however, the general guide is that you should be happy with what you see on your printer and/or monitor and adjust the resolution accordingly. Most referees will print your figures on common laser or inkjet printers, using ordinary copy paper, and may view them on a monitor set to 256 colors. If you are using high-specification hardware please take this into account. The color, when used as an identifying tool, should be distinct.
  • When you are ready to submit your files, please proceed with the journal's online submission system. Once you have logged in to the online submission system, you will be asked to fill in your details on the submission form and submit all files relating to your manuscript. After all the files have been completely uploaded, the manuscript will be submitted to journal's editors and an e-mail acknowledgement will be sent to the corresponding author. At any time afterwards you can use the system to check the status of your manuscript. If you experience any problems using the system, please contact our helpdesk for assistance.
  • All users are required to enter a password, or they have access to an encrypted URL, to access their part of the online submission system. Encrypted links and passwords are sent only to the e-mail addresses of the registered users. STD ensures that the data and files in our database are regularly and securely backed up.
  • All manuscripts are scanned for viruses using industry standard virus-scanning software as part of the submission process. The virus software is updated daily.
  • When dealing with the revised manuscripts, please use online manuscript submission system to submit a revised version of your manuscript. To submit your revised paper, go through the following links
       > Article Management
            > Articles In Process
                 >Upload Revised Document
  • Regarding final manuscripts, i.e. If a manuscript is accepted in principle for publication, authors will be required to upload electronic files of the text, production-quality figures and supplementary information (if any) to STD server.
  User ID
  Forgot Password?   |   Register Now
   Quick Links
  About the journal
  Current issue
  Editorial board
  Submit manuscript
  Abstracting and indexing
  Article submission
  Guide to authors
  For subscribers
Science, Technology and Development © 2020                                                                                                                                   Maintained and Developed by ansinet